What caused the civil war in Afghanistan?
Afghan War, in the history of Afghanistan, the internal conflict that began in 1978 between anticommunist Islamic guerrillas and the Afghan communist government (aided in 1979–89 by Soviet troops), leading to the overthrow of the government in 1992.
Did Afghanistan have a civil war?
The Afghan Civil War (1989–1992) was the continuing war between the government and rebels, but without the involvement of Soviet troops. The Soviet-backed Afghan government survived until the fall of Kabul in 1992.
Why did the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979?
On December 24, 1979, the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan, under the pretext of upholding the Soviet-Afghan Friendship Treaty of 1978. Resistance fighters, called mujahidin, saw the Christian or atheist Soviets controlling Afghanistan as a defilement of Islam as well as of their traditional culture.
What are the effects of the war in Afghanistan?
War in Afghanistan and its Effects on November 18, 2020 World News KABUL, Afghanistan — For the past 40 years, Afghanistan experienced unrest from the Soviet invasion to the various violent terrorist groups that control the country. After the attacks of 9/11, the U.S. invaded the country, which brought an end to the Taliban rule.
How did the Civil War in Afghanistan end?
The war in Afghanistan was over for the Russians, but not for the Afghans, who continued their civil war. At this point, the war entered its second phase, in which the rebel groups, who never truly formed a cohesive or united front against the Communists, continued the war against the Marxist government in Kabul.
How many people have died in the war in Afghanistan?
But in January 2019, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said 45,000 members of the security forces had been killed since 2014. Nearly 3,500 members of the international coalition forces have died since the 2001 invasion, more than 2,300 of them American. The figures for Afghan civilians are more difficult to quantify.
Is there an economic cost to the war in Afghanistan?
In addition to the human cost of war, the economic cost is also tremendously high. Though there are no exact statistics on the economic cost of the war in Afghanistan, it can be estimated by using the research on other parts of the world.