Why do wars happen in Africa?
Africa has a high prevalence of civil wars and this is commonly attributed to the ethnic diversity of its countries. This inference seems self-evident to many, given that African rebel movements almost always are ethnically defined. Ethnic identities and hatred are thus seen as the cause of violent conflict.
Why do children fight in wars?
Many children are forced to join military groups at a young age. Child soldiers are also easier to manipulate and force into conflict. Recruiters typically target children from troubled areas or conflict zones, likely accustomed to violence and with fewer educational or work opportunities.
How did child soldiers in Africa start?
The concentrated use of child soldiers seems to have began in Mozambique in the 1980s, but now has been reported in nearly a dozen nations featuring an estimated 120,000 children. They are forcibly taken, or volunteer when no other option exists. If anything violates a child’s right to a childhood, this is it.
Is Africa still a dark continent today?
In relation to invasive species it is worth to mention that among various continents, Africa is still recognised as ‘Dark Continent’ 56 . The hotspots of Africa are vulnerable to invasive species and unlike other places South Africa has a particularly active program for removing them to restore ecosystem services 56 .
Why are so many children fighting in Africa?
Adult soldiers tend to stand several metres further back so that if bullets start flying, the children will be the first victims. And in any conflict where even a few children are involved as soldiers, all children, civilian or combatant, come under suspicion.
Why are there so many wars in Africa?
Most of today’s African fighters are not rebels with a cause; they’re predators. That’s why we see stunning atrocities like eastern Congo’s rape epidemic, where armed groups in recent years have sexually assaulted hundreds of thousands of women, often so sadistically that the victims are left incontinent for life.
How many child soldiers are there in Africa?
Lesson Summary. The use of child soldiers, defined by the United Nations as any person under the age of 18 serving in a military conflict, is a big problem. Approximately 40% of child soldiers can be found in Africa, where the legacies of decolonization resulted in decades of civil war and ethnic conflict.
What are some facts about children in Africa?
HUNGER, DISEASE, WARS: CHILDREN IN AFRICA ARE PARTICULARLY SUFFERING They suffer from malnutrition, can not go to school and have no prospect of a better future. Many of them do not even experience their fifth birthday. The children in Africa need help – here you will find facts and figures that concern us all.