Who speaks Pashto in Afghanistan?
The language is natively spoken by Pashtuns (also called Pukhtuns/Pakhtuns; historically known as ethnic Afghans), an ethnic group of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Pashto comprises, along with Dari (alternatively known as ‘Afghan Persian’), the two languages of Afghanistan with official status.
Is Dari or Pashto more common in Afghanistan?
As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan and the native language of approximately 40–45% of the population.
Is Pashto spoken in Kabul?
“Among Pashtu, Dari, Uzbek, Turkmen, Baluchi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and other languages spoken in Afghanistan, Pashto and Dari are the official languages of the government.
How many people in Pakistan speak Pashto language?
The exact number of speakers is unavailable, but different estimates show that Pashto is the mother tongue of 45–60% of the total population of Afghanistan. In Pakistan, around 38 million people speak Pashto, according to the 2017 census, which is over 15% of Pakistan’s population.
Which is the language of the Pashtuns in Afghanistan?
Pashto (/ˈpʌʃtoʊ/, rarely /ˈpæʃtoʊ/, Pashto: پښتو Pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː]), sometimes spelled Pukhto, is the language of the Pashtuns. It is known in Persian literature as Afghāni (افغانی) and in Urdu and Hindi literature as Paṭhānī.
Which is the official language of Afghanistan and how many speak it?
in conclusion, near 90% speak Persian only south region speak Pashto which is majority Pashtun (Patan) tribe. Dari and Pashto are the official languages. And emost speak “Persian” as Dari is just Afghani Persian. Dari is more like Iranain Persian than Moroccan Arabic is like formal Fus-ha Arabic. Pashto is also similar.
When did Pashto become the language of government?
In the 1930s a movement began to take hold to promote Pashto as a language of government, administration, and art with the establishment of a Pashto Society Pashto Anjuman in 1931 and the inauguration of the Kabul University in 1932 as well as the formation of the Pashto Academy Pashto Tolana in 1937.