Who first sailed around the tip of Africa?
explorer Bartolomeu Dias
In 1488, Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias (c. 1450-1500) became the first European mariner to round the southern tip of Africa, opening the way for a sea route from Europe to Asia.
Who sailed around the southern tip of Africa and came back with spices?
One of the sailors, Bartolomeu Dias passed the southernmost point of Africa known as the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. He declared it possible to travel to India by going around Africa. The Portuguese were then able to make an immense profit by using their own ships to retrieve the spices.
Which European explorers actually reached the Spice Islands?
In search of fame and fortune, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480-1521) set out from Spain in 1519 with a fleet of five ships to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean.
Who first sailed around the world?
Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521) was a Portuguese explorer who is credited with masterminding the first expedition to circumnavigate the world. Magellan was sponsored by Spain to travel west across the Atlantic in search of the East Indies.
Who found the route to India around the tip of Africa?
Vasco da Gama was best known for being the first to sail from Europe to India by rounding Africa’s Cape of Good Hope. Over the course of two voyages, beginning in 1497 and 1502, da Gama landed and traded in locales along the coast of southern Africa before reaching India on May 20, 1498.
What are the Spice Islands called today?
The islands that were formerly called the Spice Islands are now called the Moluccas. They are made up of an Indonesian archipelago that comprises a total land mass of 75,000 square kilometers. The capital city of the region and archipelago is a city called Ambon. Today 2.1 million people live on the islands.
Which country was famous as the Spice Islands?
Moluccas, Indonesian Maluku, also known as Spice Islands, Indonesian islands of the Malay Archipelago, lying between the islands of Celebes to the west and New Guinea to the east.
Who is the first European circling the globe?
One of the most noted of Portuguese-born explorers was Fernão de Magalhães (anglicized as “Magellan”), who instigated and organized the first circumnavigation of the globe from 1519 to 1522.
Who was the first European explorer to sail around Africa?
They were convinced that by sailing around the coast of Africa they would find a route to India. In 1487 , the Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias sailed around the southern part of the continent and got as far as the east coast of Africa, but a storm made him turn back. On his return voyage, he saw a piece of land that stretched out into the sea.
Where did Arab traders go after the Spice Islands?
Arab traders sailed east to trading centers in India, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and the Spice Islands.After loading up their ships, they sailed west again. A typical trip took them around the Arabian Peninsula, into the Red Sea, and north to Egypt.
Why did the Europeans not sail to the Spice Islands?
You might wonder why the Europeans didn’t just sail over to the Spice Islands and buy their spices. It wasn’t that simple. They did not yet know that the Atlantic Ocean went as far as the southern tip of Africa. Nor were their ships and navigational skills suited to such long voyages.
Why did Ferdinand Magellan go to the Spice Islands?
One interesting detail to note: the Spice Islands were also reason for the first circumnavigation of the world. The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan wanted to find the first western route to the Spice Islands for the glory of Spain.