What are the rights of citizens in Afghanistan?
The right to life and liberty are constitutionally protected as are the right to a fair trial and the presumption of innocence for all persons. This gives the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan a strong human rights framework that is guaranteed to all citizens.
Is Afghanistan a free country?
After the end Third Anglo-Afghan War and the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi on 19 August 1919, King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. He fought for Article 68 of Afghanistan’s 1923 constitution, which made elementary education compulsory.
What type of government is in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan is an Islamic republic consisting of three branches of power (executive, legislative, and judiciary) overseen by checks and balances. The country is led by President Ashraf Ghani, who replaced Hamid Karzai in 2014.
What rights are being violated in Afghanistan?
- Violations of International Humanitarian Law.
- Attacks on Healthcare Providers and Facilities.
- Violence and Sexual Harassment Against Women.
- Attacks on Media and Human Rights Defenders.
What is the main language spoken in Afghanistan?
Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages, by 77% and 48% of the population respectively. Dari, or Farsi, is the official name of the variety of Persian spoken in the country, and is widely used as a lingua franca.
What are some of the human rights in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan has an interesting strong human rights framework within its constitution. A bill of rights is enshrined in chapter two of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s constitution. The right to life and liberty are constitutionally protected as are the right to a fair trial and the presumption of innocence for all persons.
Who are the members of the Afghan Human Rights Commission?
The Afghan Government established a Joint Commission for protection of human rights defenders and civil society activists in Afghanistan; the Commission will work under the Second Vice-President Mohammad Sarwar Danish, and the members include activists and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission.
How does the Citizens Charter Program in Afghanistan work?
In the context of the overall World Bank’s COVID-19 relief response in Afghanistan, $100 million of the Citizens’ Charter program resources were redeployed in May 2020 to provide emergency household assistance in the form of food/cash in CCAP participating communities.
Why does the UK support the Afghan government?
That is why the UK has led international partners in making a clear financial and training commitment to Afghanistan’s authorities and institutions beyond 2014. In return the Afghan government needs to act decisively to improve governance, human rights and reduce corruption.