What are the four countries that border Lake Chad?
The Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) was established on 22nd of May 1964 by the four countries that border Lake Chad: Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad. The Republic of Central Africa joined the organization in 1996, Libya was admitted in 2008.
What countries does Chad border?
Chad is bounded on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Central African Republic, and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
What country is Lake Chad?
Lake Chad is located in the far west of Chad and the northeast of Nigeria. Parts of the lake also extend to Niger and Cameroon. It is fed mainly by the Chari River through the Lagone tributary, which used to provide 90 per cent of its water.
How much of Chad is in the Sahara?
Chad’s land surface presents a dramatic variety of geographic contrasts. The vast northern third is located in the Sahara Desert and is sparsely populated, home to just 1 percent of Chad’s population. The whole central swath is in the Sahel, with average annual rainfall ranging from 150 to 600 mm.
How does Chad get water?
The Lake Chad Basin is drained by two main rivers: the Chari and the Logone, which are largely supplied by tributaries outside Chad. In addition to these surface waters, the Nubian sandstone aquifer system is shared between Chad, Libya, Sudan and Egypt.
Who are the countries in the Lake Chad Basin?
The Lake Chad Basin Commission was set up in 1964 by Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, the four countries that contain parts of Lake Chad. About 20% of the basin, lying in these countries, is called the Conventional Basin. The Lake Chad Basin Commission manages use of water and other natural resources in this area.
What is the border between Cameroon and Chad?
The amount of water crossing the border from Cameroon to Chad varies between 3 and 7 km/year. More to the north, the Logone River forms the border between Cameroon and Chad until N’Djamena where it flows together with the Chari River which then continues north to the lake.
Where is the drying up of Lake Chad?
An area that used to be on the edge of Lake Chad. The drying lake has exacerbated suffering for millions. Twenty-year-old Phoebe Musa remembers the day Boko Haram militants stormed her village of Gwoza in Borno State, northeast Nigeria, five years ago.
How big is Lake Chad compared to other African Lakes?
Lake Chad’s volume of 72 km 3 (17 cu mi) is very small relative to that of Lake Tanganyika (18,900 km 3 (4,500 cu mi)), and Lake Victoria (2,750 km 3 (660 cu mi)), African lakes with similar surface areas. The lake is home to more than 44 species of algae. In particular it is one of the world’s major producers of wild spirulina.